Smoking Techniques > Curing

BACON: List of curing , smoking times & temps...

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A few people have been asking lately on times and temps for curing and smoking BACON.  I guess not all of us started with BuckBoardBacon and don't have directions, so I thought (I know that’s dangerous) I would make a reference post so we can point our friends to it when this question is asked again.  This will be the slimmed down version from BBB and HiMountain.

Preparation and applying cure.

Best meat size should be 3 to 31/2 inches thick or less.

Measure the amount of cure according to the weight of meat that will be cured.(this amount should be with the directions from where you have bought the cure)Use ONLY that amount, like I said  THIS IS NOT BUTT RUB HERE. More is not better.

Apply cure thoroughly over the meat (use it all), including any cavities, sides, or what have you.  Take your time and rub it in well.

Place meat in a non-metallic pan and cover.  I use a semi-throw-away plastic containers (Zip-Lock brand) I buy at WalleyWorld, the large ones fit a butt just right.

EDIT  If you use Butcher-Packer Cures, here is what it brakes down to:
This is the amount I use for dry rub, you can see why folks question me about the amount. I have had no problems with this amount, the meat comes out nice and pink with that iridescent type shine to it.

Broken down, it comes to this: (please forgive me if this is elementary, I do this for all of us from Arkensaw)Also, the scale I use measures only in 1/10 of pound.

1lb .32oz or .02lb
2lb .66oz or .04125lb
3lb 1.0oz or .0625lb
5lb 1.6oz or .1lb
10lb 3.2oz or .2lb

Hay, I know that this does not come out totally exact. This is smoking and not Newton' 2nd law.

I usually measure them in 2 and 5lb baggies, with this combo I can basically fit any weight.HTH

Curing times:

Your temp of the fridge should be about 40deg.  Much colder than that it might stop the curing process.
Just an note here: I have edited these temps as I was reminded by someone that the danger zones for meats by the FDA is the 40's.  He also stated that he keeps his fridge between 35-38 and has had no problems with the process stopping.  I know there are plenty of directions out there that state the higher temps.  I believe I might try a cooler temp to see what happens.

BBB says 10 days and turning the meat half way through.  If you like a bit of more intense taste, I regularly cure mine for up to 21 days and have excellent results especially if you are using a much milder type cure(maple sugar or brown sugar).  During this time the meat will start giving off some fluid, depending on your meat, this could be a lot.  Leave it in the container, no need to drain.

Preparation for smoking:

After it has cured rinse the meat well and let soak for two hours.  This is where some of us has screwed up.  Rinse the meat WELL, when you think you are done, do it again.  Unless you want really salty meat skip this and you probably won't want to make bacon again.  Let the meat stand at room temp for 1 hr.

Smoking times and temps:

Put meat in smoker and bring up the heat to 150deg and cook for 45 minutes WITHOUT SMOKE.

After 45 minutes raise the temp of the smoker 200deg and let the smoke roll.

Smoke till a internal temp of 140deg. This usually takes 2-4 hrs, depending. AT THAT POINT turn off the heat and let stand IN THE SMOKER for 1 hour.

A few words about internal temp.  I have started smoking mine to a internal temp between 153 and 155 deg.  It has been stated that Canada law say that everything (like this) must be done till a temp of 150deg.  At 151 or 152 all meat is suppose to be safe to eat with out any more cooking.  So with that in mind , choose your temps and cook or (re-cook)at you own liking. Listed below is a thread about the subject.

The reason I bring this up is because when you first see your bacon it kind of looks like cured ham and you will want to eat just like that.  I wanted to smoke it long enough so I can do this.

Cuts of meat:

Of course this will be a personal thing here.  These are my thoughts.  I started off using butts.  They were fine and they do yield a great product but however, my suggestion is to go to a good meat market and choose your meat. A great cut of meat really makes a difference here. It seems when I purchase the ones in the cryovac that comes two to a package, they seem to be too marbled and fatty for my liking when it comes to bacon making.  Some one on the forum here suggested to use a pork loin, so I did.  I can get a whole one at Sam's for about $20.00 and that gives me three large pieces to work with.  I like the way the loin comes out, it's a lot leaner and you almost have to add a touch of oil in the pan if you are going to fry it.  The bottom line is the loin is easier to handle, you don't have to de-bone it, easy to make sandwiches, cuts of about 3/8 inch make a great steak for the grill.  Last but not least, I just like the flavor of a cured pork loin better.  Some others use pork belly to make real looking bacon, I would like to try this some day.  I would appreciate their thoughts.

Hope this helps.  Have FUN!

Nicely done MW

Easy reference from hereon in, just use the search if this topic gets buried a little.  Thanks for making the effort for our good[8D]

<b><font color="green">whitetailfan</font id="green"></b>
"Nice Rack"
Lethbridge, AB

Cold Smoke:
Just recently ordered some fresh pork bellies from the local butcher and attempted to replicate Duck Killer's famous maple bacon recipe. Have been anxious to give this a try for some time. I really like the Buckboard stuff but being the bacon monster that I am wanted a to try a different twist. I used 1 cup of coarse salt, 4 Tbsp pickle cure, and 3 Tbsp maple flavoring (powdered form)and a nice 6-7 lb pork belly. Mixed up the ingredients real well and rubbed into the belly, tossed into plastic bag and refrigerated for 6 days. Tons of liquid after a couple of days. So after the 6 days I pulled from frig and rinsed well for 15 minutes and left in cold water for an hour. Smoked using maple- approx 3 hrs of smoke- pulled from BS at 160F. Tossed back into frig overnight. Sliced some up next morning-WOW! Super nice lean cut of meat (considering it was belly)and looked great. I had a  strong batch of coffee perculating, eggs ready to go...- . Tossed some in the old cast iron skillet and then into my gullet...Oooh...salty!![:(] Mucho salty. No maple flavor either.

It did turn out pretty good for my first non Buckboard bacon making attempt despite the saltiness. I had smoked a nice turkey breast the day before and made some a--kicking clubhouse sandwiches![:)][^]

Not sure why the maple flavoring didn't come through- I might drain the liquid next time after a couple of days and add the flavoring at this time. AND...drop the curing time by a few days- might kill some of the saltiness.

Cold Smoke

Cold Smoke, I'm not sure I would cut down on the curing time.  You need to let the cure work it's magic to protect you at the lower smoking temps.  Remember, bacteria love to thrive in moist environments espc. in temps of 140* and less.  Here's a recipie I like to use when I make butt bacon (haven't used a belly yet, but that's next):

per 10lbs of meat
3/4c coarse salt
1 Tbs. cure #1
1c brown sugar
optional:honey or maple syrup

Work into the meat really well.  Let cure for 7-10 days.  Rinse well & soak.

I usually slowly bring up the temp in the smoker (to about 140-150) with the bacon in it so it absorbs copious amounts of smoke.  After about 2-3 hours, raise the temp to about 170 and bring bacon to a temp of about 140-150 depending on what you want to do with it (eat it cold or cook like regular bacon -- see other posts about this very subject).

I haven't tried BBB, just this simple recipie and I am very happy with those results.

I got to say you guys are just great at all of this information. Your details are clear and clean.

Chez O Boy as admin can you not pin this thread? That way it will not get lost.


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